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Vessel Hardening Plan (VHP) 23.02.2019 21:37

It is recommended a Vessel Hardening Plan (VHP) is created, based on the company risk assessment. The VHP should outline what mitigation measures are needed to reduce the risk to As Low as Reasonably Practicable (ALARP).


A Vessel Hardening Plan (VHP) can ensure vessels are prepared for operations in areas of increased security. A VHP ought to be considered as part of any voyage preparation and more so when the vessel will cross known areas of maritime crime or piracy. The requirement for a VHP should be defined within the company management procedures for security.



It is recommended that vessel owners and managers should develop and use a Vessel Hardening Plan (VHP).

The Company Security Officer should be responsible for the VHP ensuring process is in place for hardening the vessel. The Master and the Ship's Security Officer are responsible for reviewing the VHP before transit or operation within known security risk areas. A drawing of all hardening measures as shown above should be marked on the vessel's general arrangement plan and attached to this table. A standard convention for labelling should be used throughout.

In order to ensure compliance of Your vessels with the requirements of ISPS Code and other marine industry regulations, our company offers You:

  • development of the Vessel Hardening Plan (VHP);
  • shipboard safety posters.VHP



In this context, MEPC 73 agreed that Administrations should encourage ships flying their flag to develop implementation plans, outlining how the ship may prepare in order to comply with the required sulphur content limit of 0.50% by 1 January 2020.

Contained within Section 5.4.2 of Mooring Equipment Guidelines (MEG4) is a description of the Line Management Plan (LMP).
31 December 2018 is coming into general application the EU Ship Recycling Regulation (EU SRR 1257/2013).
The Oil Companies International Marine Forum (OCIMF) has introduced new Mooring Equipment Guidelines (MEG4) for the safe mooring of tankers and gas carriers at terminals.
OCIMF (OCIMF - Oil Companies International Marine Forum) has issued the Guidelines to Harden Vessels, including recommendation for development of the Vessel Hardening Plan (VHP).
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