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Cyber Security onboard Ships

In order to improve Cyber Security on ships, we offer information on the new requirements for Cyber Security Onboard Ships.

Information Security - preservation of confidentiality, integrity and availability of information.

There are 3 (three) basic principles that information protection should provide:

  • data integrity — protection against failures leading to the loss of information, as well as protection from unauthorized creation or destruction of data;
  • confidentiality of information;
  • availability of information for all authorized users.


ИБ-2017-064-Cyber Security-sm  

Information security is a complex task aimed at ensuring security implemented by the implementation of the information security system. The problem of information security is multifaceted and complex and covers a number of important tasks. In addition, the problems of information security are constantly exacerbated by the processes of penetration into all spheres of society of technical means of data processing and transmission, and, above all, computer systems.

With the development of computer systems, failures or errors which can lead to serious consequences, computer security issues have become a priority. To date, information protection of the network has become almost as important as the safety and security of ships throughout the shipping sector.

The development, understanding and awareness of key aspects of cyber security and safety are highlighted in figure below:

BIMCO-Cyber-Security-Awareness-2016_01-ENG-no comments



Cyber security approach:


  • Identify threats
  • Identify vulnerabilities
  • Assess risk exposure
  • Develop protection and detection measures
  • Establish contingency plans
  • Respond to and recover from cyber security incidents


Example visualization of cyber security Bow-Tie components:

Critical Systems


Potentially onboard vulnerable systems, equipment and technologies may include:


Communication systems:

  • integrated communication systems
  • satellite communication equipment
  • Voice Over Internet Protocols (VOIP) equipment
  • wireless networks (WLANs)
  • public address and general alarm systems.


Bridge systems

  • integrated navigation system
  • positioning systems (GPS, etc.)
  • Electronic Chart Display Information System (ECDIS)
  • Dynamic Positioning (DP) systems
  • systems that interface with electronic navigation systems and propulsion/ maneuvering systems
  • Automatic Identification System (AIS)
  • Global Maritime Distress and Safety System (GMDSS)
  • radar equipment
  • Voyage Data Recorders (VDRs)
  • other monitoring and data collection systems.


Propulsion and machinery management and power control systems

  • engine governor
  • power management
  • integrated control system
  • alarm system
  • emergency response system.


Access control systems

  • surveillance systems such as CCTV network
  • Bridge Navigational Watch Alarm System (BNWAS)
  • Shipboard Security Alarm Systems (SSAS)
  • electronic “personnel-on-board” systems.


Cargo management systems

  • Cargo Control Room (CCR) and its equipment
  • level indication system
  • valve remote control system
  • ballast water systems
  • water ingress alarm system.

Passenger servicing and management systems

  • Property Management System (PMS)
  • electronic health records
  • financial related systems
  • ship passenger/seafarer boarding access systems
  • infrastructure support systems like domain naming system (DNS) and user authentication/ authorization systems.


Passenger-facing networks

  • passenger Wi-Fi or LAN internet access
  • guest entertainment systems
  • passenger Wi-Fi or Local Area Network (LAN) internet access, for example where onboard personnel can connect their own devices18
  • guest entertainment systems.


Core infrastructure systems

  • security gateways
  • routers
  • switches
  • firewalls
  • Virtual Private Network(s) (VPN)
  • Virtual LAN(s) (VLAN)
  • intrusion prevention systems
  • security event logging systems.


Administrative and crew welfare systems

  • administrative systems
  • crew Wi-Fi or LAN internet access, for example where onboard personnel can connect their own devices.


As part of the Safety Management System (SMS), our company offers you the development of appropriate plans and ship procedures for information protection on ships (Cyber Security Management Plan).


Paris MoU has published guidelines to provide guidance for the harmonized reporting and follow up of ISM deficiencies in the scope of a PSC inspection, for the Port State Control Officers (PSCOs).


The International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, 1973, as modified by the Protocol of 1978 relating thereto (hereinafter referred to as MARPOL 73/78) was established in order to prevent the pollution of the marine environment by discharges into the sea from ships of harmful substances or effluents containing such substances.

Entry into (Confined) Enclosed Spaces onboard ships is sometimes a necessary but dangerous work activity.

OCIMF has published an updated information paper that provides guidance on how to manage the risks and potentially serious impacts associated with the use of drugs and alcohol in relation to marine operations.


Guideline is solely drafted for the purpose of providing guidance to the PSCO in performing a PSC inspection on the subject matter.

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